copper smelting process diagram solution for ore mining

Extraction and Refining of the Platinum Metals

Copper anodes from the converter process are dissolved electrolytically using an acid copper sulphate solution as an electrolyte. The products of this operation are pure copper cathodes and an anode slime which Platinum Metals Rev., 1963, 7, (41, may contain gold and small quantities of the platinum group metals.

Process design of copper ore production line

A schematic diagram of the conventional process for the production of copper and the SX/EW process can be seen here. Conventional Copper Extraction . Conventionally copper is recovered by a pyrometallurgical process known as smelting. In this process copper ore is mined crushed ground concentrated smelted and refined. Get Price

Copper Ore Processing Methods

2017-4-11 · Copper Ore Processing Methods. The four major steps in the production of marketable copper are mining, concentrating, smelting, and refining. In a few instances, however, leaching takes the place of concentrating, smelting, and refining. At present, although considerable leaching and direct-smelting ores are produced, the bulk of the copper ore ...


2018-1-28 · S) or copper glance. Malachite green [CuCO 3.Cu(OH) 2]. Azurite blue [2CuCO 3.Cu(OH) 2]. Bornite (3Cu 2 S.Fe2S 3) or peacock ore. Melaconite (CuO) etc. EXTRACTION OF COPPER FROM SULPHIDE ORE Large amount of copper are obtained from copper pyrite (CuFeS2) by smelting. Ores containing 4% or more copper are treated by smelting process. …

Copper Smelting

Hong Yong Sohn, ... Bart Blanpain, in Treatise on Process Metallurgy: Industrial Processes, 2014. FeO–Fe 2 O 3 –SiO 2 Slags. It has been customary since early times in copper smelting, when acid refractories were used universally, to add SiO 2 to form a slag with the iron that has been oxidized. This is still the most common practice today, though many furnaces …


Ramesh Singh, in Applied Welding Engineering (Second Edition), 2016. Smelting. Smelting is an energy-intensive process used to refine an ore into usable metal. Most ore deposits contain metals in the reacted or combined form. Magnetite (Fe 3 O 4), hematite (Fe 2 O 3), goethite (αFeO[OH]), limonite (the generic formula for limonite is FeO[OH].nH 2 O), and siderite (FeCO …

New technologies emerging in copper mining

2018-6-28 · New technologies emerging in copper mining Hal Stillman Adelaide, 26 June 2018. ... (leaching solution irrigation on top of the ore pile/heap) ... replacement for the traditional pyro-metallurgical copper smelting process DE-FOA-0001465

Copper reducing fresh water use in the production of …

2014-3-30 · Copper extraction in the CESL process for a copper sulfide concentrate containing chalcopyrite and bornite has been demonstrated to exceed 97% [Bruce et al., 2011]. Figure 2 presents the copper extraction achieved at varying levels of salt water substitution for fresh water. Copper extraction for all tests averaged 97.3%.

Copper processing

Copper processing - Copper processing - Ores: Principal forms in which copper ores are found include native copper, porphyry copper, massive deposits, and mixed ores. Native copper is simply the metal found unadulterated in nature. Occasionally copper …

Extraction Of Copper | Mining, Concentration, Smelting ...

Copper Smelting means that the concentrated ore is heated strongly with silicon dioxide (silica), calcium carbonate (CaCO 3) and air in a furnace. The major steps in the extraction of copper are. Copper in Chalcopyrite is reduced to copper …

What Is Copper Smelting? (with pictures)

Kirsten C. Tynan Copper wire. Copper smelting is the process of separating copper metal from the rock in which it is naturally embedded by melting it. This is accomplished through a series of several processing steps. The term copper smelting may refer to this melting step in particular or it may refer somewhat less formally to the entire process …


Leaching offers an alternative to copper mining. First, the ore is treated with dilute sulphuric acid. This trickles slowly down through the ore, over a period of months, dissolving copper to form a weak solution of copper sulphate. The copper is then recovered by electrolysis. This process is known as SX-EW (solvent extraction…

Copper processing

2021-9-26 · Copper processing - Copper processing - Roasting, smelting, and converting: Once a concentrate has been produced containing copper and other metals of value (such as gold and silver), the next step is to remove impurity …

COPPER Copper production

2008-12-16 · Figure 1: Overview of copper production Benefication process Figure 2: Overview of a typical beneficiation process at a concentrator Sulfidic copper ores are too dilute for direct smelting. Smelting these materials would require too much energy and very large furnace capacities. The copper ore coming from the mine (0.5 – 1 %

Copper Smelter

2015-4-10 · Copper Smelting Process: Historically, the most abundant copper bearing ore was called chalcopyrite, CuFeS 2. This ore is first enriched by a process called flotation. Powdered ore is mixed water as a slurry and then further mixed with oil and a chemical called amyl xanthate.

Copper Projects

Twin Buttes Project - Anamax - Arizona - USA - Supervised process design work during detailed design of large hydrometallurgical plant to treat copper oxide ore by agitated leach/SX/EW route (1973-74) Anaconda Smelter - Anaconda - Montana, USA - Project Manager for study of new copper smelting process for cement copper (1974)


The next stage, smelting, is a process of heating and melting the copper concentrates to cause a chemical reaction, which removes the copper from other elements in the ore. At the smelter, we produce large 750-pound anodes and transport them by rail to the Refinery. The copper …

Copper Mining & Extraction Process Flow Chart

2015-8-26 · Copper Mining & Extraction Process Flow Chart. This flowchart made of machinery icons explains or expresses in simple but clear terms the step of the Copper Mining and Copper Extraction Process. Starting from either open-pit or underground mining and using a different relevant treatment method for oxide or sulphide copper mineral (ore).

Chapter 6 Copper Production Technology

1996-11-20 · Figure 6-2.—Early Smelting Technology Charcoal ore flux m The Egyptian copper smelting furnace was filled with a mixture of copper ore, charcoal and iron ore to act as a flux. It was blown for several hours by foot or hand bellows. By the end of the smelt the copper had separated from the slag, which was tapped off.

Copper Environmental Profile

2019-3-4 · copper mining: surface and underground mining. Due to copper being spread in relatively low concentrations over large areas, surface, or open-pit mining, is the predominant mining method for copper in the world. After mining, copper is produced by one of two process routes: pyrometallurgical or hydrometallurgical.

2ZnS 3O 2ZnO SO2 (1)

2015-9-10 · electrolytic deposition from a sulfate solution or by distillation in retorts or furnaces. Both of these methods begin with the elimination of most of the sulfur in the concentrate through a roasting process, which is described below. A generalized process diagram depicting primary zinc smelting is presented in Figure 12.7-1.

Copper Mining and Extraction: Oxide Ores

The process used to treat sulfide copper ores begins at the mine site, where the copper-bearing minerals are physically separated from the rest of the rock. The flow diagram below shows how the percentage of copper increases as the ore is refined, first physically by froth flotation, then chemically by smelting …

Copper Smelting and Refining Process | Pan Pacific Copper

The copper concentrates are fed through the flash smelting furnace with oxygen-enriched air. In the furnace, the concentrates are instantly oxidized, after which they melt and separate by their own reaction heat into copper matte with a grade of 65% and slag consisting of iron oxide, silica, and other compounds.

Opportunities for Precious Metals Toll Processing and ...

2017-5-1 · Copper smelting and concentrate leaching are listed as alternative processing technologies. ... about each. Several of the facilities are listed in more than one category, because the operation has circuitry to process more than one type of ore. ... Solution from the heaps is processed by carbon adsorption. The desorption and refining circuits ...

Copper Smelting

leach circuits. Copper is recovered from solution by electrowinning, a process similar to electrolytic refining. The process is most commonly used for leaching low-grade deposits in situ or as heaps. Recovery of copper metal and alloys from copper-bearing scrap metal and smelting resi-dues requires preparation of the scrap (e.g., re-


Leaching offers an alternative to copper mining. First, the ore is treated with dilute sulphuric acid. This trickles slowly down through the ore, over a period of months, dissolving copper to form a weak solution of copper sulphate. The copper is then recovered by electrolysis. This process …


2021-9-22 · EXHIBIT 2 TWENTY-F IVE L EADING G OLD-P RODUCING M INES IN THE UNITED S TATES (I N O RDER OF OUTPUT) Mine Location Source of Gold Nevada Mines Operations, Newmont Gold Company Elko and Eureka, NV Gold ore Gold Strike, Barrick Mercur Gold Mines, Inc. Eureka, NV Gold ore

12.3 Primary Copper Smelting

2015-9-10 · Process steps include mining, concentration, roasting, smelting, converting, and finally fire and electrolytic refining. 12.3.2 Process Description2-4 Mining produces ores with less than 1 percent copper. Concentration is accomplished at the mine sites by crushing, grinding, and flotation purification, resulting in ore with 15 to 35 percent copper.

Copper: Automation, Isolation & Controls | Bray

Copper mining and concentrates production is a complex process requiring a symphony of operations using specialized equipment and techniques such as explosives and earth moving equipment to extract and transport the raw ore to the processing plant for crushing and grinding operations before the ore undergoes a refining process to create concentrates such as …

Mineral processing and refining | ABB

Copper process. ABB offers a wide range of products and solutions to the copper mining processing industry. Our portfolio consists of integrated electrification, automation, controls, instrumentation and drives systems, that maximizes productivity for our customers worldwide. ABB is used to face major engineering challenges from this industry ...